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Seed Cleaning and Treating

Wheat, soybeans, oats, field peas

De-bearding, Air Screening and Length Grading.

1,000 bushels per hour.

2018 PRICE IS $ .55 PER BUSHEL FOR WHEAT

$ .75 for oats, peas and soybeans

Seed treating is available.

Plant is located in Hendley, Nebraska

308-737-1898

Since we’ve been treating seed, I have been needing some convincing that it is worthwhile. A few weeks back I started a test with equal amounts of treated and untreated wheat spread out over two sheets of paper towels. The untreated wheat sample was taken before the wheat entered the treater, and the treated wheat sample came out of my treater as it was loaded on the truck. They sat overnight so the treated wheat was dry. I used both Rancona Complete Wheat, a fungicide/insecticide and Nutriplant, a root enhancer with micro-nutrients to promote early root development.

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I put equal amounts on paper towels, covered them with another paper towel, watered them and put them in a 43 degree fridge. I was hoping to see an early sprout with the treated seed, but both samples took about a week to sprout.

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Sprouting occurred about the same time. After the first week, I took them out of the fridge and for the rest of the experiment they were at room temperature, about 70 degrees and kept them damp. The difference started to show soon after, with fungus and mold starting to grow on the untreated side.

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After another 5 days I trimmed a third of the wheat sprouts away on both sides to expose the seeds. The difference in growth was huge.

 

 

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I then cut the paper towels and turned them upside down. The root development of the treated side was amazing in comparison with the untreated side. 

 

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The last photo shows continued growth after another four days.

 

 

 

Although this was a simple test of a cold wet start it, has convinced me that you guys that treated your wheat made a good investment that will pay back very well, even with $3.00 wheat. I think adding another couple dollars for the Nutriplant is a no brainer, because that root development was amazing, because what feeds the plant? 

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Does fungicide work?

  Without fungicide

Without fungicide

                                                                                                                   left  - before cleaning    center  - cleanout     right  - cleaned wheat

                                                                                                                 left - before cleaning   center - cleanout    right - cleaned wheat

 

I’ve been building machines and cleaning grain for over thirty five years, and am constantly making adjustments to improve my services. The old machines were wearing out, and instead of just fixing and replacing them, I decided to rebuild the entire business so that I could produce the best grain quality possible.  There is a direct correlation between the quality of the cleaned grain and the amount of time it takes to run through. I have added more machines to improve the quality of the services, and have found a good balance where I am able to make a product I am proud of while getting you out of here and back in the fields as fast as before. I’m not increasing the price of my services, I take pride in making the best possible product that I possibly can for a reasonable price, and I want to see you stay in business as well.  My updated facility is entirely designed to make your experience easier and faster. Your truck will stop on the scale, dump, and then load without pulling off. 

Stage 1 Cleaning A great job with minimal cleanout.  Around 1000 bu per hr.  I will not compromise standards, the grain will be cleaner than ever before. Stage one involves the following:

1. Debearder- A problem with sending grain directly through the length graders is that they tumble the grain through an eight foot long tube, which can sluff off loose hulls.   The loose hulls are light and can get lifted into the clean grain. Grain in a hull is heavy on one end, which can also get carried into the clean grain.

The solution to this problem is to go through a debearder first. The debearder puts pressure on the grains and rubs most of the hulls off. In the past, I left it up to you to decide if you wanted this service at an additional charge. I want to see the best possible quality grain come out of my machines, so I’ve decided to include this step for all of the wheat that I clean. Every bushel will be debearded at no extra cost.

2.  Air Screens and Vacuum-   In the past, the one air screen that I used had a capacity of up to 1,200 bph. But at that speed, the layer of grain moving over the screens was too thick which lead to poor cleaning. So I ran it at 800 – 900 bph, which cleaned ok. My experimenting has shown the best job is around 450 to 500 bph with a thinner layer of grain running across the screens. The new system now has two air screen machines running around 500 bph, leaving the optimal layer on the screens and pouring through the vacuum column of air. This will remove more light grain raising the test weight by a couple of pounds on average.  Most tests weights of the grain removed with vacuum is around 40 to 54 lbs. per bushel. That removes minimal cleanout and makes for good quality seed wheat.   

3. Length Grader- The next machines that the grain passes through are the length graders.  Previously, I had four sets of three with a capacity of over 300 bph each set. I ran mine at 225bph, which does a great job at removing goat grass and anything longer than wheat. I added two more sets and run at less than 200 bph each set to help remove more cracked and immature grains. After passing through the length graders every bushel makes a final pass through an additional air screen machine to remove any chaff and hulls sloughed off in the length graders. 

Cleanout with stage 1 starting with 60lb wheat is on average eight percent.  The quality and size of wheat going into the system makes a huge difference in the cleanout.  This year 2017, 8 percent was about the least with 15 percent being average . I believe our May snow was the culprit, kinking many stalks leading to immature  berries .   Good quality wheat  was there,  however the cleanout was much higher.  For those wanting better seed wheat  I  employed Stage 2 cleaning  with very good results .   25 to 35 percent cleanout left excellent quality seed wheat.

Stage 2 Cleaning (by request) Normally if your wheat is unstressed a single pass will produce close to gravity table quality. If your wheat is severely stressed and contains a large amount of shriveled berries, let me know when you call for an appointment and I will schedule more time for a second pass.  If your wheat has good berries along with the shriveled a second pass can make a huge difference.  If the shriveled is over thirty to forty percent, it is probably best to look for different wheat.

To avoid cross contamination I am using more gravity, conveyors and no augers to move clean grain with lots of compressed air to clean out between loads.  You may request to see what I am cleaning out at any time after machines are filled and set. Being on time is important. A 250 bushel load takes about fifteen minutes.  If you are twenty minutes late, everyone after you will be twenty minutes late.

Treating

We are now offering seed treatment services. If you choose to have your grain treated, after your load is cleaned,  it will be gravity fed through our new state of the art treater and a conveyor will put it back on your truck. Again, the truck will stay on the scale throughout the whole process.

If you use that truck to bring another load to be cleaned and treated it must! MUST! be blown out with compressed air as if you were taking wheat to the elevator.  Driving with the traps open will not suffice.  It MUST be blown out with air.  If it wasn't blown out there will be treated seed in the test pan I will use to check. If there is treated wheat in the test pan I cannot run it through the cleaner.  Why so picky? There is a good chance the load after you will not be treated and they want to be able to sell it.  Even though the chance of contamination is extremely small, one berry is all it takes.  If I find treated seed in the test pan I have no choice but to send it home without cleaning.  It takes less than two minutes per hopper to open the traps and stand up inside the hopper and blow the ledges then the slide edges and slides themselves clean. DON'T FUDGE THIS PART.

 


 Because it irritates me, a final note on dealing with Hegwood concrete on my concrete slab for the plant.  Their bragging rights were that they had poured gym floors within 1/16 inch variance.  The truth of the matter is their actual pour on my floor was 16 times less, as I have swales/lakes over an inch deep.  I find that embarrassing and don’t ever want to be compared with that type of quality.

 

2017 Treatments Available  

Rancona delivers premier protection against a broad spectrum of seed and seedling diseases resulting in uniform germination, emergence and stand for young plants. The healthy start helps ensure high yield.

Nutriplant- is  an Amway product to promote early vigor and root development. I also have Awaken ST as a backup if I run out of Nutriplant  as it requires about 5 days to get a delivery. 

Rancona - $3.50 per bushel

Nutriplant - $2.50 per bushel

Awaken ST - $2.50 per bushel